                        EOC Goal 6
Accessed 10 June 2017 at http://www.NCpublicschools.org
released January 2008

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1. Using ground level as the reference height with zero potential energy, which object has the greatest gravitational potential energy?
1. a 2-kg mass at 60-m height
2. a 5-kg mass at 5-m height
3. a 20-kg mass at 50-m height
4. a 40-kg mass at 2-m height
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2. A 12.5-kg glider is observed flying at an altitude of 1,510 m at a constant velocity of 18.0 m/s. The glider dives to a new altitude of 1,250 m. Neglecting the effects of air resistance, what is its change in potential energy?
1. 31,900 J
2. 153,000 J
3. 185,000 J
4. 338,000 J
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3. This graph shows the force vs. stretch relationship for a spring. How much work would be done in stretching the spring 0.25 m from its equilibrium position?
1. 1.3 J
2. 3.6 J
3. 5.0 J
4. 10. J
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4. A person strikes a ball with a bat. The temperature of the ball increases by 0.06°C. What accounts for the increase?
1. The kinetic energy of the moving bat was used to increase the thermal energy of the ball.
2. The thermal energy of the bat was transferred to the ball.
3. The kinetic energy of the moving bat was converted to the chemical energy of the ball.
4. The thermal energy of the bat was converted to potential energy in the ball.
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5. A father (100 kg) and his son (50 kg) are jogging at the same speed. Which statement is true about the kinetic energies (KE) of the father and the son?
1. KEF = 2 KES
2. KEF = ½ KES
3. KEF = 4 KES
4. KEF = ¼ KES
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6. A diver with a mass of 80.0 kg dives off the 10.0 m platform. His velocity just before striking the water is 14.0 m/s. What is his kinetic energy at that moment?
1. 8.00 × 102 J
2. 1.12 × 103 J
3. 7.84 × 103 J
4. 1.12 × 104 J
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7. A person weighing 6.0 × 102 N falls a vertical distance of 20. m into soft snow. What is the average force exerted by the snow if the person stops in 0.15 s?
1. 5.3 × 103 N
2. 8.0 × 103 N
3. 1.8 × 104 N
4. 8.0 × 104 N
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8. The spring in a dart gun has a spring constant of 20.0 N/m. The spring is compressed 8.00 × 102 m from its equilibrium position and used to launch a 1.00 × 102-kg plastic dart. Ignoring friction, what is the dart's speed as it leaves the gun?
1. 0.0640 m/s
2. 3.58 m/s
3. 7.21 m/s
4. 12.8 m/s
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9. A student eats a candy bar that can provide 1.57 × 106 J of energy. If the student has a mass of 81.8 kg, how high will he have to climb a ladder to offset completely the energy contained in the candy bar?
1. 1.96 m
2. 1.96 × 103 m
3. 1.31 × 107 m
4. 1.44 × 108 m
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10. A city's water tower has a capacity of 1.0 × 103 kg of water. A pump is filling the water tower to an average height of 50. m. How much work is done by the pump to fill the 1.0 × 103 -kg tower?
1. 2.5 × 104 J
2. 5.0 × 104 J
3. 4.9 × 105 J
4. 2.5 × 106 J
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11. In the diagram below, a wooden block slides from rest down a frictionless incline. The block attains a speed of 3 m/s at the bottom of the incline. How high is the incline?
1. 0.21 m
2. 0.31 m
3. 0.46 m
4. 0.59 m
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12. A piston, moving through a distance of 15 cm, pushes a box weighing 8.0 kg onto a conveyor belt with a force of 40 N. How much work is done by the piston on the box?
1. 6.0 J
2. 120 J
3. 320 J
4. 6.0 × 102 J
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13. How high can a worker lift a 40.00-kg bag of sand if he produces 4,000. J of energy? Assume no energy is used to overcome friction.
1. 1.020 m
2. 10.20 m
3. 102.0 m
4. 1,020. m
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14. A 3.0-kg mass slides down a 5.0-m-long frictionless, inclined plane. How much work is needed to stop the mass at the bottom of the incline?
1. 15 J
2. 74 J
3. 130 J
4. 150 J
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15. Neglecting friction, if a child exerts a force of 85 N on the handle of a wagon that makes a 35° angle with the horizontal, how far is the wagon pulled when 280 J of work are done?
1. ≤ 5.0 m
2. > 5.0 m but ≤ 10. m
3. > 10. m but ≤ 15 m
4. > 15 m but ≤ 20. m
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16. If a forklift raises a 76-kg load a distance of 2.5 m, how much work has it done?
1. 80. J
2. 1.9 × 101 J
3. 3.0 × 102 J
4. 1.9 × 103 J
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17. The amount of power required to move an object can be increased without changing the amount of work required. How can this happen?
1. increase the time required to do the work
2. increase the friction on the surface over which the object is moving
3. increase the weight of the object being moved
4. decrease the time required to do the work
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18. This is a graph representing work versus time. What does the slope of the graph represent?
1. acceleration
2. impulse
3. power
4. velocity
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19. A block of mass 2.0 kg slides with a velocity of 10. m/s on a frictionless surface. It hits a horizontal massless spring (spring constant of 500 N/m). How much is the spring compressed when the block stops?
1. 0.040 m
2. 0.20 m
3. 0.40 m
4. 0.63 m
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20. A skateboarder with a mass of 50. kg is riding on a half-pipe as shown in the diagram below. He has a speed of 5.0 m/s at the bottom. What vertical distance will the skateboarder climb?
1. 0.25 m
2. 0.50 m
3. 1.3 m
4. 2.5 m
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21. A woman driving a 2.0 × 103-kg car at 15 m/s fully applies the brakes 50. m from a stoplight. If the car stops 5.0 m before the light, what is the magnitude of the average force applied by the brakes?
1. 4.1 × 103 N
2. 4.5 × 103 N
3. 5.0 × 103 N
4. 4.5 × 104 N Additional North Carolina Exam Questions